Beautiful. Rare. Cherished.
Diamonds are the most sought-after gems on earth. Each one is unique with specific qualities that establish its value.
These are a simple crystalline structure of carbon produced by extreme high pressures and temperature. The melting point of a diamond is 4,000 degree C or about 2.5 times higher than the melting point of steel. Hardness of diamonds is 10 MOHS' SCALE OF HARDNESS.
Gem quality diamonds are the most precious and valuable. Rough diamonds are a like a pebbles but when it is properly cut and polished its fire, shining and sparkling comes to life. This is mainly attributable to its shape which is designed such that light refraction takes place properly.
The sparkling brilliance is caused by the specific proportion, angle and position of facets that reflect and refract light inside the diamond. Each Facet must be precisely cut such that light bounces back freely from inside the diamond, and then exits through the crown or top, directly to the eye of the viewer.
It takes several months to cut and polish a diamond, depending on the size, shape and style of the final jewel. Rough Diamonds lose approximately 50% of its original weight in the process of cutting and polishing.
Most popular shape for cut diamonds is round or round brilliant. Other popular shapes are oval, square, marquise, pear, emerald, heart and princess. The price of a Diamond depends on the 4Cs-cut, clarity, carat, and color.